January 2023

1 January

POL MAH handed out decorations to honor his predecessors and ultranationalist Buddhist monk U Wirathu on New Year’s Day.


3 January

VIO Clashes: in Sagaing Region (30 junta soldiers and pro-regime militia members were killed).


4 January

POL The military’s proxy party USDP met with 37 other political parties that attended the junta-organized Independence Day parade in Naypyitaw where MAH announced the sham 2023 elections.

VIO Clashes: in Kayin State (200 soldiers were killed). / 3 leaders of the regime-allied Arakan Liberation Army were assassinated in Sittwe.


5 January

POL The military government released 7,012 prisoners under an amnesty to mark independence day. Among the released Thura Aung Ko (former government minister) and Htin Lin Oo (author and NLD official).

POL Officials from the United Wa State Party, Shan State Progress Party, and MNDAA met with the junta’s State Peace Talks Team in Naypyitaw to discuss the groups’ political needs and the basic articles of the constitution. 

INT Chinese officials urged the Myanmar military government to reopen the border crossing in northern Shan State.

CDM Mandalay PDFs held talks with the NUG to discuss operations and the creation of more battalions.


6 January

VIO Clashes: in Karen, Sagaing, Mandalay, and Magwe regions (110 military soldiers were killed over 6 days). /  After the release of 7 000 prisoners across the country, prison guards in Pathein Prison killed 2 political prisoners and brutally beat 60 other people during an altercation.


7 January

VIO Riots broke out in a prison west of Yangon, killing 1 and injuring 60 prisoners. / 2 female resistance fighters blew themselves up to avoid being searched by military soldiers based in Sagaing Region.


8 January

VIO Clashes: in Kayin State (48 junta soldiers were killed).


9 January

INT Journalist Bertil Lintner wrote that Chinese surveillance technology using facial and licence recognition software has played a key role in blunting the effectiveness of anti-junta urban guerillas in cities. Last year, Reuters also reported that Myanmar companies installing cameras for the junta were sourcing from Chinese firms

INT Malaysian Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim met with Indonesian President Joko Widodo to discuss the relevance of the 5PC. 

INT The regime council withdrew the pardon under which Sean Turnell was released from prison. 

VIO Clashes: in Sagaing region (junta forces burned 150 houses).


10 January

VIO INT The junta air force dropped bombs on both sides of the Myanmar-India border, killing 5 ethnic-Chin opposition soldiers and destroying civilian structures.


11 January

INT Indonesia’s Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi announced that she will lead a newly-set up office of the ASEAN special envoy on Myanmar, to engage with all stakeholders to address the post-coup crisisin Myanmar..

INT China didn´t pick up on an invitation to attend the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC) summit in Myanmar.

INT officials found assets belonging Myanmar’s military’s officials’ family during a drug raid on Bangkok apartment of a Myanmar tycoon.

VIO Clashes: across the country (65 junta forces were killed in 4 days) and in Sagaing Region (junta forces burned down 90 houses and forced 300 residents to flee).


12 January

VIO PDF launched bomb attacks on voter registration sites in Mandalay, as a warning to people helping with the military regime’s preparations for the elections.


13 January

VIO Clashes: in Shan State (30 junta soldiers were killed).


15 January

POL The chairman of the USDP travelled to Shan State to woo ethnic support for the junta’s planned election.

POL Junta Home Affairs Minister Lieutenant-General Soe Htut urged military officials to take advantage of the ongoing “pre-poll census” to track down resistance groups.

ECN CDM The NUG raised $100 million from selling bonds, auctioning the property of MAH and collecting taxes to oppose the junta. 

POL The junta had moved deposed President Win Myint from an undisclosed location in Naypyitaw to Taungoo Prison.

VIO 2 PDF groups used IEDs to attack 12 soldiers providing security for census takers in Magway Region.


16 January

POL The Arakan Army and the military exchanged 10 prisoners in Rakhine State’s Ponnagyun Township for the 2nd time since their informal ceasefire in November last year.

VIO Clashes: across the country (64 junta forces were killed in the last 3 days). / Karen coalition forces attacked the police station at Kawtvein village in the KNU-controlled area in Kayin State.


17 January

POL The military fully suspended issuing and renewing passports, as well as accepting new passport applications.


19 January

POL MAH met Thai Chief of Defense Forces General Chalermpol Srisawat in Ngapali Beach, Rakhine State, to discuss promotion of ties and cooperation between the two militaries during the 3-day meeting.

INT Indonesian Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment Luhut Panjaitan, a former general, said while participating in a panel at the World Economic Forum that Myanmar’s military regime should give up power and let someone qualified run the country.

VIO The All Burma Students’ Democratic Front and the PDF-Tamu burned down the township election sub-commission office in Sagaing Region


20 January

CDM VIO Clashes: across the country (87 junta forces were killed in 3 days). / The military arrested 10 women in Mandalay Region accused of providing financial support to the PDFs; some were raped by junta officers at an interrogation centre. / Nerdah Bo Mya’s Kawthoolei Army faces allegations of committing another massacre of 8 men whose bodies were discovered with gunshot wounds in Tanintharyi Region after they admitted the 1st massacre of 25 men in Myawaddy Township in June 2021.


21 January

CDM VIO Resistance groups have attacked 6 Myanmar junta offices in Yangon, Sagaing, and Magwe regions in two days to disrupt plans for a general election later this year.


22 January

CDM VIO Clashes: across the country (47 junta forces were killed in 3 days), in Sagaing Region (junta forces raided Charity Clinic looking to arrest doctors and a nurse participating in the CDM).


24 January

INT A Human Right group, Fortify Rights, filed a criminal complaints against Myanmar’s military accusing it of geneocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity in Germany.

INT In Lunar New Year greetings, the NUG Foreign Ministry thanked China for standing by the people of Myanmar at the UN, in particular on the UNSC.

INT The European Parliament urged ASEAN, in light of the Tatmadaw’s unwillingness to achieve progress on the 5-PC, to work with the NUG to achieve a sustainable democratic resolution for Myanmar.


25 January

INT Norway’s sovereign wealth fund excluded 2 companies from China and India for selling weapons to Myanmar.

INT The EU provided support for human rights defenders to document abuses, and has allocated €125m in assistance for the people of Myanmar since the coup

CDM The pro-democracy forces called on the public to stage a silent strike to mark the 2nd anniversary of the coup.

VIO Clashes: in Sagaing, Mandalay and Magwe regions and Karen State (PDFs raided and burned down a junta-run general administration office, immigration office, and military offices and killed 57 junta forces including pro-regime Pyu Saw Htee militia members in the last 3 days).


26 January

INT The Australian government expressed its concern over the Myanmar military seeking to revoke the amnesty of Sean Turnell.

POL The military regime’s a new Political Parties Registration Law effectively dissolves existing political parties in favor of the military’s proxy USDP. It requires political parties to reregister within 60 days or face dissolution, recruit at least 100 000 members within 90 days, open offices in 150 of the country’s 330 townships within 6 months, and deposit 100 million kyats (US$35,000 at the unofficial rate) in a state-owned bank. 


27 January

POL The military regime is forcing wives of policy officers in Rakhine State to take military training.

ECN INT A Japanese construction firm was granted an exemption by the US to make payments to a Myanmar military-owned company under the current sanction. The payments are related to work on a Japanese government-funded bridge in Yangon.

VIO Clashes: in Sagaing Region (34 junta-allied Pyu Saw Htee members were killed and 7 villages were torched).


28 January

POL The junta regime was giving the 2nd military training to the wives of police in Rakhine State.


30 January

INT MAH received a delegation led by Anatoly Bulochnikov, Vice-President of the Russia-Myanmar Association for Friendship and Cooperation in Naypyitaw.

INT Amnesty International demanded that UN Security Council refers junta to International Criminal Court and embargo on weapons.

VIO Clashes: in Sagaing Region (a convoy transporting junta commanders was ambushed twice with landmines).


31 January

INT EU Parliament Vice-President Heidi Hautala addressed Myanmar MPs in the CRPH naming the election as "the sham electoral exercise being prepared by the military junta."

INT Australia, Canada, the UK, and USA imposed further sanctions on members of the military junta, its businesses, and jet fuel suppliers, marking the two-year anniversary of the coup.